Bay rum tree (Pimenta racemosa) belongs to the Myrtaceae (the Myrtle family). It is a tall evergreen tree that is native to the Caribbean region. This tree grows in forests, usually on dry slopes, and up to 15 m tall. The bark is smooth, whitish, variegated and flaking. The leaves are dark green, leathery, oblong to elliptic, and opposite in pairs. The flowers are white, small, numerous and bloom in a compound panicle. The fruit a subglobose to ellipsoid berry, and black when ripe. It is used in cooking and an essential oil is distilled to produce a fragrant cologne called bay rum.