The cardinal flower (Lobelia cardinalis) belongs to Campanulaceae (the Bellflower family). It is a perennial herb that is native to the Americas; from southeastern Canada south through the eastern and southwestern United States, Mexico and Central America to northern Colombia. This herb grows in wet places, streambanks, and swamps, and up to a height of about 70 cm. The leaves are lanceolate to ovate, with a toothed margin. The flowers are usually vibrant red, deeply five-lobed, up to 4 cm across, and bloom in an erect raceme during the summer to fall.