The Cattleya maxima belongs to Orchidaceae (the Orchid family). It is an evergreen perennial herb that is distributed on the Pacific side of South America, from Colombia to Ecuador and Peru. It grows in evergreen forests and cloud forests in hills and mountains, and attaches itself to trees and rocks. The stems are long and slender, spindle-shaped, and are connected by short creeping stems. The leaves are oblong and clustered at the top of the stem. From late fall to early spring, the flower stalks grow and produce 3 to 5 pale reddish purple flowers.