The Indian spurge tree (Euphorbia neriifolia) belongs to Euphorbiaceae (the Spurge family). It is an evergreen shrub that is probably native to central, east and south India. Nowadays, it is also cultivated as an ornamental plant in other tropical regions. This shrub is much branched, xerophytic, fleshy and growing up to a height of 2-6 m. The main trunk and larger branches are round and the younger branchlets have 5 ridges. The leaves are ovate, oblong or spathulate, and arrageged at the end of branches. The flowers are small cyathia and bloom in February to March. The corolla is absent but the involucre has two nearly round to ovate, bright red bracts 3-7 mm long.