The Cherokee rose (Rosa laevigata) belongs to Rosaceae (the Rose family). It is an evergreen shrub that is native to central-southern China and Taiwan. Nowadays, it runs in wild from Kansai district of Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu in Japan. This shrub is vine and the branches have acute spines. The leaves are impari-pinnate compound with three elliptic, glossy leaflets. The fragrant, large, white flowers bloom from May to June. The fruits are false fruits and ripen red-orange in fall. The Japanese name comes from the fact that it was imported and spread by merchants in Osaka during the Edo period.