Medusa plant (Euphorbia flanaganii) belongs to the Euphorbiaceae (the Spurge family). It is a deciduous perennial herb that is native to South Africa, Eastern Cape. This herb grows in arid sandy grasslands and mountain slopes. It is one of the caudex-forming Euphorbias. This is a low, spineless, many-branched, succulent to 5 cm tall and 30 cm wide. It is commonly known as Medusa plant, because its prostrate, snake like arms resemble locks of hairs. The leaves are linear, to 10 mm long and 1 mm wide. It produces small, yellow flower-like structures at cyathia. The whole plant produce a caustic milky sap that can cause skin rash, itching and general discomfort.